Development & (school, college, department)
The Department was founded in 1999 to recruit new students for its two-year junior college program. In 2003, it was upgraded to recruit students for the four-year technical program and the two-year junior college program was terminated. In 2010, it established the master’s program. The Department is the first department of landscape architecture established by a national institute of technology in Taiwan. The Department was established to cultivate students to become professional talents who have abilities for landscape planning, design and engineering practices and fit the needs of the landscape industry.
The Department is the first department of landscape architecture established by a national institute of technology in Taiwan. As most of domestic professional landscape education was provided in the higher education system, the Department was aware that the industry lacked the professional talents who could connect landscape design with engineering, and has therefore established its educational objectives to cultivate students to become professional talents for landscape who have abilities for landscape design, computer graphics, preparation of construction drawings, budgeting, engineering practice and management to meet the needs of the industry and develop the educational spirit of “knowledge-action integration” held for the technical and vocational education. The development objectives of the Department’s four-year technical program and master’s program are as follows: 1. Four-year technical program: “To cultivate students to become professional talents who can connect landscape design to engineering”; 2. Master's program: “To cultivate students to become professional talents who can propose solutions for industrial and practical problems based on scientific evidence”.
“Sustainable design” and “landscape practice” are the features of the Department’s teaching. For sustainable design, we teach students to respect nature and conduct landscape design with such concepts as low impact development, energy conservation and carbon reduction, soil water retention and biodiversity. For landscape practice, we, holding the spirit of “learning by doing and doing by learning” for technical and vocational education, provide well-planned internship courses to enhance students’ practical ability and employment competitiveness.
The Department’s research direction is “evidence-based design”. Current research development focuses on “landscape benefits”. Landscape benefits are divided into two areas: ‘physical and mental benefits” and “substantial environment benefits”.
(1) Physical and mental benefits: Research includes sensory satisfaction, comforting the body and mind, mitigation of stress, behavior improvement, health improvement, recreation experience, and aesthetic enhancement, etc.
(2) Substantial environment benefits: Research includes microclimate adjustment, pollution prevention, reduction of energy consumption, and facilitation of ecological stability (wildlife habitat, diversity and abundance), etc.
1. Four-year technical program: The Department established the four-year technical program in 2003. Its students come from departments of design, agriculture, civil engineering and architecture in vocational high schools.
2. Master’s program: The Department established the master’s program in 2010. It is a two-year program. Students are divided into Groups A and B. Group A is for those who have acquired a bachelor’s degree from Department of Landscape Architecture or relevant departments, while Group B is for those who have acquired a bachelor’s degree from departments not relevant to landscape architecture.
The Department’s teaching space and equipment are sufficient and complete. There are 3 classrooms for professional courses (equipped with tables, chairs, projection equipment and smart lectern), 1 drafting classroom (equipped with drafting tables and chairs, light tables), 1 computer classroom, 1 woodworking classroom (equipped with workbenches, vertical drilling and sanding machines, horizontal drilling machine, circular sawing machine, angle cutter, etc.), 1 equipment room (equipped with light wave ranging theodolite, electronic theodolite, automatic level, plane table and gardening tools), 1 gardening field, 1 greenhouse, 2 group discussion rooms, 1 department office, work display wall and playing equipment, etc. The Department also has a room for graduate students and 3 studios for students in the four-year technical program to provide students with the space to conduct research and design in school. The Department’s main equipment includes light wave ranging theodolite, electronic theodolite, automatic level, plane table and gardening tools, etc.
Research rooms: There are a landscape benefit laboratory and a research center of green living technology integration. We provide the electronic balance, spectrophotometer, oven, high temperature furnace, TKN digestion equipment, classifier, oscillator, freezer, conductivity meter, crusher, soil hardness tester, acid and alkali tester, electronic scale, air compressor, pumping motor, GDS attention and automatic tester, negative ion detector, biofeedback equipment system, image segmentation processing system, amplifying machine and speaker, projection wall, LCD projector and camera drone, etc.
The Department’s curriculum planning meets the needs of the industry for the talents with practical skills, and enables the Department to cultivate students to be capable of playing the seven different roles in workplaces: landscape planners, landscape designer, construction drawing and budgeting personnel, landscape engineering and management personnel, gardening technicians, and plant maintenance managers, etc.
The Department requires students to acquire a certificate or license of Level B technician or 2 certificates or licenses of Level C technician before graduation. The requirement motivates students to acquire professional certificates and licenses and enhances their future employment competitiveness. To strengthen students’ practical ability and employability, the Department, which has great interaction with the industry, holds lectures on landscape practice and internship and employment seminars, invites landscape architects to assess students’ works, and employs teachers from the industry to assist in teaching.